The city-pearl of the Central Asian region with a rich unique heritage is Samarkand. This city was once the center of the mighty centralized state of Maverannahr, which was governed by the great commander Amir Timur. Since his reign, many valuable architectural structures have been created that arouse interest, both among modern scientists and ordinary inhabitants.
One of the most popular structures included in the tour of "Magic of Samarkand" is the architectural ensemble in Registan Square. You can visit the madrasah of Ulugbek, Sher-dor madrasah and Tilla-Kari madrasah in this square. All these great architectural structures are similar in appearance, but they are distinguished by a unique ornament and decoration. This architectural ensemble became a symbol of the development of culture and science in Central Asia.
Another important historical object that is visited during this tour is the mausoleum ‘Guri-Emir’. The great historical figures of Central Asia and the whole world are buried in this mausoleum: Amir Timur, his sons Miranshah and Shahrukh, as well as the grandchildren Muhammad Sultan and Mirzo Ulugbek.
In addition, the magnificent architecture of the ‘Bibi-khanum’ mosque in Samarkand arouses great interest, which according to legend was built at the behest of the same Amir Timur in honor of his beloved wife. This object can also be visited during the tour of "Magic of Samarkand".
Moreover, other historical buildings can be seen in Samarkand: the famous place of pilgrimage is the Mausoleum of St. Daniel, the mysterious architectural ensemble of 11 mausoleums – Shokh-i-Zinda one of the greatest creations of the Middle Ages - the observatory of Ulugbek.
In addition, the tour includes a visit to the factory "Meros", in which a unique Samarkand paper with a storage life up to 300 years is produced.
Registan Square is surrounded with beautiful buildings from three sides: ‘Ulugbek’ madrasah, ‘Sher-dor’ madrasah and ‘Till-Kari’ madrassah. All these three madrasahs are directed with the portals to the middle of the square and form united ensemble composition. Each building is distinguished by its unusual decor - a pattern of stone on the walls and portals. The blue domes above the madrasah are made with burnt bricks, and glazed tiles adorn them from the outside, it shines brightly in the sun.
The ‘Bibi-khanum’ mosque. A beautiful legend is connected with the ‘Bibi-Khanum’ mosque. According to which the formidable governor built a mosque for his beloved wife Bibi-Khanum. After a successful trip to India, Timur decided to build the largest building in the East. Shining walls, significant minarets, extensive portal of the mosque, carved with marble, glorified the name of Timur and his beloved wife.
Ensemble of ‘Shokh-i-Zinda’. The ‘Shokh-i-Zinda’ ensemble consists of eleven mausoleums, which were joined to each other in sequence during the XIV-XV centuries. This unique and mysterious ensemble is located near the ancient settlement ‘Afrasiab’. The ensemble is also called ‘Cemetery Street’. The blue domes of the mausoleums, rushing the chain into the far, look like a graceful necklace from a bird's eye view.
Ulugbek Observatory. The ‘Ulugbek’ Observatory is a vivid confirmation of the significant development of architecture, science and culture in Central Asia in the XIV-XV centuries. The visit of the ‘Koni Gil’ village, a workshop for the production of silk paper from the bark of the mulberry tree. Master Class.