According to confirmed historical facts, one of the branches of the Great Silk Road passed through the territory of Uzbekistan. Thanks to this, the countries on the territory of Uzbekistan absorbed the culture of neighboring nations, developed rapidly and created own unique civilization.
During the tour**‘Through the Ways of Ancient Caravans’**, you have opportunity to deep into the Middle Ages and to see an extent centuries-old culture with own eyes. Therefore, this tour includes such towns as Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara.
Tashkent town, which is 2200 years old, has ancient architecture of XV-XVI centuries and impressive modern buildings. Among historical sights, you can see madrassah ‘Kukeldash’, ‘Hast-and-Imam’ square and the former residence of Prince Romanov during this tour. Among modern sights- ‘Independence’ square, ‘Amir Timur’ square and the museum of applied art.
The tour in pearl Samarkand includes a visit of luxury madrassah ‘Ulugbek’, madrassah ‘Sherdor’ and madrassah ‘Tillya-Kari’, which are situated on the famous **‘Registan’ Square.**Moreover, you can visit ‘Bibi-hanum’ mosque, ‘Shoh-i-Zinda’ ensemble, Ulugbek observatory and other important historical places in Samarkand.
The next town that is included in the tour ‘Through the Ways of Ancient Caravans’ is Bukhara. This town is the motherland of many historical sights of Middle Asian region. You can see country palace of Bukhara emirs, the famous symbol of Bukhara- minaret ‘Kalyan’ and mosque ‘Kalayan’, one of the most ancient building- citadel ‘Ark’, the oldest architecture in the Middle Asia- mausoleum ‘Islam Samani’.
Such tour involves viewing the sights mostly on foot. Therefore, the most suitable time in Uzbekistan for conducting these tours is late spring. The weather in the country is warm and without intensive sun in late April and early May.
The tour of the capital of Uzbekistan will take its start from the religious center of modern Tashkent - Hast-i-Imam Square, where you can see the ancient manuscripts of Central Asia - the 7th century Qur'an of Osman. The Hast-i-Imam ensemble was formed at the grave of the famous scientist, Koran scholar and hadith, poet and artisan Khazret Imam. The next visit
to the functioning Madrassah ‘Kukeldash’- one of the largest madrasahs existing in our days in Central Asia. This madrasah is located near the Chorsu square in the historical part of Tashkent.
This madrasah is located near the Chorsu square in the historical part of Tashkent. Independence Square. Amir Timur Square. Theatre Square. The former (the residence of Prince Romanov in Tashkent). The former residence of Prince Nikolay Romanovich Romanov, who was exiled to the Turkestan Region for mining precious stones in 1881, is located in Tashkent. The Tashkent Underground is the Museum of Tashkent.
Registan Square is surrounded with beautiful buildings from three sides: ‘Ulugbek’ madrasah, ‘Sher-dor’ madrasah and ‘Till-Kari’ madrassah. All these three madrasahs are directed with the portals to the middle of the square and form united ensemble composition. Each building is distinguished by its unusual decor - a pattern of stone on the walls and portals. The blue domes above the madrasah are made with burnt bricks, and glazed tiles adorn them from the outside, it shines brightly in the sun.
The ‘Bibi-khanum’ mosque. A beautiful legend is connected with the ‘Bibi-Khanum’ mosque. According to which the formidable governor built a mosque for his beloved wife Bibi-Khanum. After a successful trip to India, Timur decided to build the largest building in the East. Shining walls, significant minarets, extensive portal of the mosque, carved with marble, glorified the name of Timur and his beloved wife.
Ensemble of ‘Shokh-i-Zinda’. The ‘Shokh-i-Zinda’ ensemble consists of eleven mausoleums, which were joined to each other in sequence during the XIV-XV centuries. This unique and mysterious ensemble is located near the ancient settlement ‘Afrasiab’. The ensemble is also called ‘Cemetery Street’. The blue domes of the mausoleums, rushing the chain into the far, look like a graceful necklace from a bird's eye view.
Ulugbek Observatory. The ‘Ulugbek’ Observatory is a vivid confirmation of the significant development of architecture, science and culture in Central Asia in the XIV-XV centuries. The visit of the ‘Koni Gil’ village, a workshop for the production of silk paper from the bark of the mulberry tree. Master Class.
‘Ak Saray’ Palace (White Palace) of XIV century. Douro-Tillyavat and Douro-Siadat complexes.
Tour around Bukhara. Your journey begins with a visit to the ‘Lyabi-Hauz’ Ensemble. This is one of the central squares of the city of Bukhara, an architectural ensemble created in the 16th-17th centuries. The square is formed by the buildings of the Kukeldash Madrasah, the Diwan-Begi Madrassah and the Diwan-Begi Khanaki, grouped around the Nodir-Begi Hole. Madrassah Kukeldash - the largest madrasah in Bukhara,‘Ulugbek’ Madrasah - the only building left from the times of the famous "scientist on the throne" of Ulugbek. Kalyan Minaret, without which it is impossible to imagine the silhouette of Bukhara.
Next to the minaret is the ‘Kalyan’ Minaret without which it is impossible to imagine the silhouette of Bukhara. Next to the minaret is ‘Kalyan’ Mosque and the Muslim spiritual school – ‘Mir-i-Arab’ madrasah that is acting from the 16th century to the present day.The Ark Citadel, ‘Bolo Hauz’ Mosque, domed trading buildings- ‘taki I tymi’. The mausoleum of Ismail Samani is the oldest surviving building of Central Asia. Mausoleum of Chashma Ayub ("The Source of Job"). The legend of the monument is connected with the prophet Job (Ayub).
Breakfast in the hotel
Transfer to Khiva (80 km - 1.5 hours)
Tour around Khiva: Fortress Kunya-Ark "city in the city. Here were the Khan's mosque, the residence of the khan, the supreme court, the khan's reception room-the chicken khan, the powder factory, the mint, the harem, the kitchens, the stables, the guardhouse, etc. In the southern part of the chicken khan was the throne room with the two-columned aivan (terrace). In the middle of the hall was a yurt, during receptions the khan sat at her. Ivan was decorated with a blue-white-blue majolica with a delightful ornament.
Multicolumn mosque ‘Juma’. The mosque was built in the 10th century, it has 212 carved wooden columns. She accommodated all the men of the city who came to her on Friday worship.
The Minaret of Islam-Khoja. The complex of Pakhlavan Mahmud is the burial place of a well-known poet in Khorezm, who was considered the patron of Khiva. The main hall of the mausoleum served as the tomb of the Khiva khans.
Overnight at the hotel