According to confirmed historical facts, one of the branches of the Great Silk Road passed through the territory of Uzbekistan. Thanks to this, the countries on the territory of Uzbekistan absorbed the culture of neighboring nations, developed rapidly and created own unique civilization.
During the tour ‘Through the Ways of Ancient Caravans’, you have opportunity to deep into the Middle Ages and to see an extent centuries-old culture with own eyes. Therefore, this tour includes such towns as Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara.
Tashkent town, which is 2200 years old, has ancient architecture of XV-XVI centuries and impressive modern buildings. Among historical sights, you can see madrassah ‘Kukeldash’, ‘Hast-and-Imam’ square and the former residence of Prince Romanov during this tour. Among modern sights- ‘Independence’ square, ‘Amir Timur’ square and the museum of applied art.
The tour in pearl Samarkand includes a visit of luxury madrassah ‘Ulugbek’, madrassah ‘Sherdor’ and madrassah ‘Tillya-Kari’, which are situated on the famous ‘Registan’ Square. Moreover, you can visit ‘Bibi-hanum’ mosque, ‘Shoh-i-Zinda’ ensemble, Ulugbek observatory and other important historical places in Samarkand.
The next town that is included in the tour ‘Through the Ways of Ancient Caravans’ is Bukhara. This town is the motherland of many historical sights of Middle Asian region. You can see country palace of Bukhara emirs, the famous symbol of Bukhara- minaret ‘Kalyan’ and mosque ‘Kalayan’, one of the most ancient building- citadel ‘Ark’, the oldest architecture in the Middle Asia- mausoleum ‘Islam Samani’.
Such tour involves viewing the sights mostly on foot. Therefore, the most suitable time in Uzbekistan for conducting these tours is late spring. The weather in the country is warm and without intensive sun in late April and early May.
Independence Square. Amir Timur Square. Theatre Square. The former (the residence of Prince Romanov in Tashkent). The former residence of Prince Nikolay Romanovich Romanov, who was exiled to the Turkestan Region for mining precious stones in 1881, is located in Tashkent. The Tashkent Underground is the Museum of Tashkent.
Registan Square is surrounded with beautiful buildings from three sides: ‘Ulugbek’ madrasah, ‘Sher-dor’ madrasah and ‘Till-Kari’ madrassah. The ‘Bibi-khanum’ mosque. A beautiful legend is associated with her, according to which the formidable governor built a mosque for his beloved wife Bibi-Khanum. ‘Guri-Emir’ Mausoleum, where the remains of the great commander Amir Timur are reposed.
The Shoh-i-Zinda ensemble consists of eleven mausoleums, which were joined in sequence to each other during the XIV-XVcenturies. Mausoleum of Saint Daniel - a unique place of pilgrimage - the mausoleum of the spiritual keeper of Samarkand and the prophet of the three world religions - Khoja Danier (biblical prophet Daniel). Ulugbek Observatory - a vivid confirmation of the significant development of architecture, science and culture in Central Asia in the XIV-XV centuries.
Tour around Shakhrisabz. Visiting the ‘Ak Saray’ Palace (White Palace) of XIV century, Douro-Tillyavat and Douro-Siadat complexes. Arrival to Bukhara.
Visit to the ‘Lyabi-Hauz’ Ensemble, ‘Nodir Divan Begi’ Madrassah, ‘Kukeldash’ Madrasah - the largest madrasah in Bukhara, ‘Ulugbek’ Madrasah - the only building that existing from the times of the famous "scientist on the throne" of Ulugbek. ‘Kalyan’ Minaret, without which it is impossible to imagine the silhouette of Bukhara. Next to the minaret is ‘Kalyan’ Mosque and the Muslim spiritual school – ‘Mir-i-Arab’ madrasah that is acting from the 16th century to the present day.
The Ark Citadel, ‘Bolo Hauz’ Mosque, domed trading buildings- ‘taki I tymi’. The mausoleum of Ismail Samani is the oldest surviving building of Central Asia. Mausoleum of Chashma Ayub ("The Source of Job"). The legend of the monument is connected with the prophet Job (Ayub).
Brekfast in the hotel
The passage to Khiva through ‘Kyzylkum’ desert (Red Sands). (480 km. 6-8 h). Photo-stop at the Amu-Darya River Rest in a teahouse in the desert
Arrival in Bukhara.
Dinner. Night at the hotel
Fortress Kunya-Ark "city in the city." Here were the Khan's mosque, the residence of the khan, the Supreme Court, the khan's reception room – ‘Kurinish-hana’, the powder factory, mint yard, harem, kitchens, stables, guardhouse, etc. There was the throne room with a two-column ‘ayvan’ (terrace) in the southern part of the ‘Kurinish-hana’. There was a yurt in the middle of the hall and the Khan sat at her during receptions. Ayvan was decorated with a white-blue majolica with a delightful ornament.
Multicolumn mosque ‘Juma’. The mosque was built in the 10th century, it has 212 carved wooden columns. She accommodated all the men of the city who came to her on Friday worship.
The complex of Pakhlavan Mahmud is the burial place of a well-known poet in Khorezm, who was considered the patron of Khiva. The main hall of the mausoleum served as the tomb of the Khiva khans.