Chashma-Ayub

Chashma-Ayub

Near Samanid Mausoleum, about ruins of an ancient city wall is located Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum.

This mazar was constructed in the XIIth century near a spring which is connected with a name of prophet Ayuba (Job). According to the legend, Ayub assumed the aspect of a wanderer in ancient times came to Bukhara to help people to extract water. He struck the earth with a staff and in that place was formed a spring with pure and healing water. Over a spring the mausoleum was constructed, it was entitled as Chashma-Ayub, or Job`s spring. People believe that water in a source has cohesive force

In the mausoleum Chashma-Ayub there is any burial. Considerably early and honored among them is a tomb of Hadis expert Hodzhi Hofiz Gunzhori, he died in 1022.

Till today the main part of mazar remained in safety which was erected by order of Amir Timur in 1380.

Timur brought in Movarounnakhr from the aggressive campaigns of the best architects and artists. The original building over a well with a sacred source was constructed by Khorezm masters. They on a high cylindrical drum built a double dome in the form of a cone which was characteristic for Khoresm.

Since then the mausoleum was reconstructed more than once. To already existing constructions were attached new over which domes were lifted. Nowadays Chashma-Ayub, takes the form of an oblong prism and represents multichamber mazar. Its internal rooms different in the size and forms are shaded.


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