Hakim at-Termezi Architectural Complex

Hakim at-Termezi Architectural Complex

The architectural complex of Hakim at-Termezi (XIIth-XVth centuries) is located in Old Termez district close to Kala. It was formed within centuries at sanctified graves. Muslims from all the world arrived to a sacred tomb. There is a tomb of a founder of Sufi Order “Khakimi” Abu Abdallah-Muhammad bini Ali bini Khusein al-Hakimi Termizi. A considerable dome, which was surrounded by small domes, was visible from far away. It was possible to see a building nearby which was surrounded by a many-tier cemetery.

The largest room was a refectory - halim-hona. In the southwestern side located a small mazar. The northern door leaded to shah`s house, to a yard and to an ordinary-looking gallery. In the western was the entrance in a mosque.

In due time the mosque was blocked by four domes, two of them were replaced by wooden beams because of destructions. The main shrine of Hakim at-Termezi was located at the end of gallery in a low mausoleum. Walls of a room were covered by ganch plaster, and there where it fell off, it was possible to see surprising ornaments and the Arab ligature.

A gravestone towered in the middle which was hidden by covers.

The architectural complex occupied relatively insignificant territory (about 590 sq.m) and by the middle of the XXth century it was considered as one of the most complecated among medieval monuments by quantity of erected buildings.

Strata included layings from the clay mud and burnt brick, alternating with uncountable burials, decorative elements and household ceramics. Initially there was a Buddhist temple.

A four dome building was constructed of a clay mud brick in the XIXth century in the territory of the temple. Allegedly it is also that khonaka where Hakim at-Termezi at times lived and received his pupils and supporters.