Fayoz Tepa

Fayoz Tepa

Buddhist monastery temple Fayoz Tepa complex is in 1 km to the northwest from Old Termez ancient settlement, between the coast of Amudarya and an ancient caravan road. Its area makes up 117 x 34 meters. It was erected in the Ist century.

The temple consists of nineteen rooms with extensive overlappings and deep niches in walls. Archeologists found surprising by beauty a statue of Buddha with two monks in this place. It is necessary to note that in Fayoz Tepa scientists made many rare discoveries such as: figures of monks and laymen, bodhisattva, local deities and tsars.

The complex is presented in the form of the extended rectangle. It consists of the temple, a monastery, a refectory, and also a mortar. The main component of a complex is the temple with a square yard and 19 rooms in a perimeter.

In the southwestern part of a yard there is a sanctuary. At the entrance still have remained a head of Buddha in a nimbus. There are small figures of standing Buddhas, monks, laymen on the right side of it, and on the left side is possible to see figures of local deities which go to Buddha.

Two standing figures of Buddha, and also a figure of women smaller by the size are depicted in the natural size to the left of the entrance in a sanctuary. On the opposite wall are painted monstrances dressed in Kushan suits. Fragments of a plaster and clay statue, and a calcareous bas-relief with sitting Buddha and two monks are presented on the floor.

A monastic part of a complex consisted of a yard with ayvan and 13 rooms.

The refectory was adjoined to the temple from the southeast. The hearth for cooking remained there.

Outside of the temple located a big mortar with a crosswise base where a small, round mortar was fixed into it.

A 2.5 km long water supply system provided the complex with water from Amudarya.

In the IVth century the complex was plundered by Sassanids armies. And in the Vth and the beginning of the VIth century some of its rooms were used as burials.

In the IX century ruins of a temple and monastic complex became a hill, where was hided a treasure with silver dirhams of the Omeyads and the Abbasids.