Palace of Khudoyar Khan
An extremely interesting building in the city of Kokand is the palace of Khudoyar Khan, called Urda. It represents very unusual structure, decorated in a variety of ways. In the east, it is already established that every ruler seeks to perpetuate his name in architecture. The same situation was with the palace of Khudoyar Khan. Out of twenty-nine rulers of Kokand Khudoyar was the most significant and famous, becoming a khan at the age of twelve. He has lost his status and power four times, and each time he regained his throne.
But Khudoyar become famous not only with it. Palace was built according to his instructions in 1871, which was the seventh in the Khanate. But it was built according to all Eastern traditions, it was higher, grandiose and more expensive than all previous ones. The building was located on a three-meter pedestal, an area of 4 hectares, with a long ramp, instead of steps leading to the entrance to the palace! Decorated palace was really rich. Cannons at the entrance, huge towers on either sides, a minaret, a beautiful carved fence surrounded the palace. The carved wooden doors closed the entrance, and above them stood the inscription from the colored ceramics "Great Said Muhammad Khudoyar Khan".
The ceramic decoration was made by many Rishtan masters of ceramics. The inner part of the palace consisted of seven yards with many buildings. In total, there were 119 rooms decorated with carved ganch, ceramics, carved paintings, gold. Above all this masterpiece worked by a huge number of masters from different regions. The architect Mir Ubaidullo was in charge of the construction. There were rooms in the palace where the treasury and court were located. But with special taste were decorated reception and throne room. Khodoyar Khan's rooms and rooms for his four wives, four sons and two daughters were richly trimmed.
Also a huge number of servants and workers were contained in the palace, for whom separate small rooms were allocated. In connection with the unrest and riots, Khudoyar Khan had to leave the palace, which was subsequently looted, and to this day only a few buildings that form two courtyards have been preserved. Now the museum of local lore is established in the walls of the once great palace, which stores only fragments of that great history and which can tell us a lot about the life of the khan at that time. And the plundered property of the palace has now spread to various large museums around the world. For example, Khudoyar Khan's throne is exhibited in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.