Khiva

Khiva city, one of the largest cities in Khorezm state in the past, has a rich heritage and history. Not young, but flourishing city is located on the present territory of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

Due to its location bordering with Turkmenistan, Khiva was one of the central cities of the Great Silk Road. Over the long history, Khiva had been the capital of the eponymous khanate, as well as the capital of the Timurid dynasty.

According to a local legend, the Kheivak well, which is still located on the territory of the inner city Ichan-Kala, initiated the formation of the settlement around itself and further around the city in order to attract tourists from around the world. In the light of this perspective, this well is the striking example of Khiva city’s sightseeing.

Many remarkable sights of Khiva was built in XVIII - early XX century, which register flowering of construction, some of which we can see today. Ichan-Kala has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. However, this is not the only reason to visit this city, since there is another outer part of the city: (residential area) Dishan-Kala. In this area visitors can observe not only archaeological, but also anthropological values which are cherished and guarded by the people in present days. These values are well developed crafts, customs and traditions of the nation, which beauty is especially vivid during national holidays.

The Shirgazi Khan Madarasa

The Shirgazi Khan Madarasa

The Shirgazi Khan Madrasa, the oldest and biggest mosque in Khiva, is located in the center of Ichan Kala. It was built by the slaves captured by Shigazi Khan in Khorasan in 1718. He was killed in 1720.

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Karwan Saray

Karwan Saray

The Khan Allakulikhan built Karwan Saray in front of the Tash Hauli palace in the thirties of the 19 century. It is the last karwan saray building in Khorezm that exists nowadays.

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The Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasa

The Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasa

The Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasa is the biggest madrasa in Khiva. It was built in the years from 1851 to 1855. The Madrasa, which has 72 meters in the length and 60 meters in the width, was the main building at the western gates of the Ichan Kala Castle.

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The Allaudin graveyard

The Allaudin graveyard

The Allaudin graveyard, a cupola shaped building with rare majolica, was raised at the grave of the reputed sheikh who died in 702. It was built in the first part of the 14 century. Later in the 18 century another building for visitors was built next to it. Their architecture internweaves various eras.

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The complex Pahlawan Mahmud

The complex Pahlawan Mahmud

The complex Pahlawan Mahmud, the famous poet of Khiva, was built in the 20 century. Later it was renovated by the Khan Muhammad Rahim Khan in 1810.

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The Juma mosque

The Juma mosque

The Juma mosque was built in the 10 century. It was re-built by Abdurahman Mihtar, a Khan high official, in the end of the 18 century. The mosque, which had 212 columns, offered the Friday prayer to the city.

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Kunya Arch

Kunya Arch

The western gates lead to the first castle of the city, Kunya Arch. It was built by the Khiva Khan Muhammad Erenk Khan in the 17 century. By the end of the 18 century Kunya Arch was separated from Ichan Kala and became a city.

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