Guri-Amir

Guri-Amir

Monuments of Samarkand are majestic and beautiful. More than 20 of them are admitted as the greatest achievements of human culture. We are pleased to offer you one of them-the gorgeous Guri-Amir mausoleum. This unique monument of architecture has been fascinating people from all over the world for centuries.

It is considered to be Timurids dynastic burial vault-a place where tombs of Amir Temur, his sons and grandsons, including a great scientist Mirzo Ulugbek are located.

The Guri Amir mausoleum was built for the sudden death of Temur’s beloved grandson Mukhammad Sultan who was intended to be his successor and died in his bloomy youth in 1403. That is why at first the mausoleum was destined only for Mukhammad Sultan.

Guri-Amir mausoleum. Samarkand

The mausoleum erection began in 1403 and was completed by glorious Ulugbek - the grandson of Tamerlan. During the reign of Ulugbek the mausoleum had become a family crypt of temurids.

Guri-Amir mausoleum is the memorial of a new stylistic trend. It was formed in Samarkand with the help of common creative aspiration of masters from Central Asia and other eastern countries by the end of 14 th century.

Guri-Amir mausoleum takes on a traditional style. It is a one-cupola building with a crypt. Octagonal - shaped construction raises up on cylindrical drum covered with a big blue spherical cupola. The external side of the wall is ornamented with blue and white bricks. They are combined into geometrical and epigraphical pattern. The mausoleum dome is very significant, it is deep blue with white patterns. The cupola is divided into planes that slightly go down to the drum.

Guri-Amir mausoleum. Samarkand

During Ulugbek reign the gravestone of Temur’s tomb was covered with black and green nephritis. The gravestone tells: ”Everyone who disturbs me in his life or beyond it, will get into trouble and die”. Next to the tomb of Temur there are two graves of his sons Miranshah and Shakhruh, the graves of his grandsons Mukhammad Sultan and Ulugbek are also here. Besides, there is one more tomb in mausoleum-the tomb of Temur’s confessor. The coffin of Temur was made of arch wood. Embalming method was used in funeral ceremonies.

In 1951 the mausoleum restoration works began and in nineties they were continued according to Amir Temur anniversary. During the works onyx panelling, gildies and ornaments were reconstructed and completed. The ceiling as well as many centuries ago is still decorated with a magnificent chandelier. The buried timurids are still inside the stingy decorated crypt.

Nowadays only madrassah and khanaka basements, portal arch and one of four minarets partially remained.


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