Barak-Khan Madrassah

Barak-Khan Madrassah

Next to the square of Hazret Imam to the east from Chorsu bazaar is located a monument of medieval architecture - Barak-Khan Madrassah. It was built in stage by stage and was finished in 1532.

Initially was erected "Anonymous" mausoleum constructed later was constructed mausoleum which was devoted the Sujunidzh-khan later. Last stage consisted of construction of a portal and hujr.

The lay-out of Barak-Khan Madrassah essentially differs from traditional structures of such kind.

There is a court yard with which surround one-storeyed hujras in madrassah. The basic facade allocates a portal with a half octagon niche. It has kept in itself(himself) elements of tile facings. Madrassah represents very extended trapezoid construction round the extended court yard. Inside there were late burials, however Barak-Khan died in 1556 and was buried in Samarkand city.

The mausoleum "Anonymous" has four angular premises and a cross-shaped hall. On a portal on the right side hangs a board where it is written that in the mausoleum there was a residence of a Mufti of Spiritual Administration of Moslems of Uzbekistan. The given complex is laid from a fragmentary brick.

Dressing is presented only on the basic objects such as: entrance of arched portal of madrassah, a portal and a dome of the mausoleum of Sujunidzh-khan. According to some data, calotte domes of the mausoleum were decorated with blue tiles, and on a dome drum was represented star-shaped girih with drawing of 8-faced stars, made of a mosaic. Therefore the mausoleum had the name the Kok gumbaz ("Blue dome"). In 1868 during earthquake the dome collapsed.

Now spiritual administration of Muslims of Uzbekistan settled in a new, specially constructed building, whereas hujr Barak-Khan Madrassah were transferred to workshops of handicraftsmen and national masters. They deduce Arabic ligature ayahs from Quran, cut out folding supports under Quran and also mint patterns on copper both brass trays and vessels. Thanks to it spiritual and cultural communication of epoch doesn't stop.

The complex Barak-Khan Madrassah has remained with essential losses and was considerably deformed till present days.