Gold embroidery in Uzbekistan
Gold embroidery was also popular in ancient times. Archaeologists have discovered a gold-sewing during excavations in the Tashkent region, listed as a godsend to the beginning of our era. According to historical sources, the Arabs during their conquest in the eighth century Central Asia, said the presence of gold embroidery in garments Sogdian nobility. Historian Melih wrote that in Samarkand there were two quarters of gold sewer.
Over time, gold embroidery was seen as an official court art in Bukhara. The flowering of the art of gold embroidery accounted for XIX - early XX centuries. The love of luxury and nobility of emir led to the rapid development of gold embroidery.
As a rule, the master of gold embroidery business, engaged in a luxurious affair, lived decently. For craftsmen diverted lower court ranks in Bukhara. Emir loved the glitter of gold. During the solemn outputs he and his courtiers wore a lot of gold items. Gold pattern covered all parts of the costume: turban, skullcap-kuloh, bathrobe, pants, belt, boots makhsi, sometimes and footcloths. Also, gold could be seen on a saddle cloth on horses.
Ordinary people did not wear gold items, and women could wear gold embroidery, if she paid money for it. Therefore, wealthy ladies could be seen in gold robes and shoes. The boys were allowed to wear gold-embroidered clothes only on holidays and up to ten years.
Typically, gold embroidery performed on velvet, silk and suede. Velvet has chosen red, blue, green, purple colors. Sometimes sewing made on the brocade and it decorated with precious stones.
Masters consumed by sewing, gold and silver thread, which have different technology manufacturing. Ancient thread "sim" produced in Bukhara, or brought from India and Persia. At the end of the nineteenth century masters began to use gimp - a thin gold or silver thread, it was named "likak." Famous Bukhara robe embroidered with gold and silver threads, which were popular in Europe.
Gold embroidery was sometimes fashioned in precious and semi-precious stones: diamonds, pearls, emeralds, rubies, sapphires. Also, these products decorated with gold, silver and gilded plaques of various shapes.
Note that before the product come into the hands of Embroidery, it passed the painstaking preparation. Palace seamstress cut this material. Then a sketch with drawing show to Emir and after his approval it went to workroom. Today, gold embroidery is very important. Dress steering products for holidays, weddings, Sunnat Tuyi and are valuable gifts, souvenirs for relatives and friends. The its rightful place is given to smart panels in house.
Gold patterns of Bukhara masters in museums of Uzbekistan, Russia, China, India, Indonesia and others. Bukhara “zarduzi” participating in the international exhibitions, where they show all the beauty, richness of color and ornament of gold embroidery art.